The United Arab Emirates has recently launched the ‘Hope Probe’, its 1st interplanetary mission from the Tanegashima Space Centre in Japan to the Red Planet or Mars.
The recent ‘Hope Mars Mission’ has been reportedly targeted to study the atmosphere of the Red Planet. The space probe is expected to enter the planet’s orbit in around 200 days or the Q1 of 2021. After reaching the orbit, the Hope Probe will mark the 50th anniversary of the UAE. It will orbit the Red Planet for 687 days, i.e. one full Martian year.
The mission will investigate and explore the daily climate and seasonal cycles of Mars and observe its weather phenomena such as massive dust storms that engulf the planet. Additional objectives of the mission include the study of the interaction between the upper & lower Martian atmosphere’s layers. It will also examine the causes of its surface corrosion and the reason behind losing its upper atmosphere.
The study of the connection between the current Martian atmosphere and the ancient Red Planet’s climate will deliver deep insights into the future as well as the past of Earth. Additionally, it will help extend the knowledge on the potential of life on Mars as well as other distant planets.
The Hope Mars Mission was announced by the United Arab Emirates’ President, His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, and VP, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, in 2014. The mission has been considered as the largest scientific and strategic initiative of the nation.
The UAE will become the 1st Arab country to embark on this journey or mission to Mars or the Red Planet, which is anticipated to contribute to the ISCA (International Science Community Association). It will advance the knowledge on the study of climate on the Red Planet via investigations or deployment of probes.